Harjit Sajjan, Canada’s Minister for International Development
Average trade between the two countries amounted to around $1.6 billion between 2018 and 2021, Sajjan said in an interview with Al-Ahram daily published on Monday.
Additionally, Canadian companies have continued to invest in Egypt, particularly in the petrochemical and oil and gas fields, while Canadian mining companies have recently begun to make their way into the exploration sector. mining in Egypt, he noted.
He also pointed out that there is a good opportunity to cooperate with Egypt in the fields of energy, water and agriculture. Sajjan said that as Minister of Development, he seeks to find such opportunities with Egypt, especially in the field of renewable energy.
“Egypt has taken very important steps in the areas of water and energy, and is on the right track in the use of seeds, agricultural fertilizers and in dealing with the enigmas related to ecology. “, he pointed out.
The Canadian minister, who recently visited Egypt, indicated that the country can become a model for others, even Western countries.
He underlined that Canada, with its considerable experience and technological and innovative capabilities, can help the agricultural and food sectors in Egypt to face the challenges of climate change.
This includes management systems for dryland agriculture, particularly in water and sanitation management, the expansion of Egyptian lentil production and the diversification of agricultural crops, in addition to the use of agricultural fertilizers and updating food safety protocols.
Sajjan said Canada, through its $5.3 billion climate pledge, will work with developing countries like Egypt to support efforts to adapt to climate change through the use of smart technologies in practices. agriculture and food, as well as providing nature-based agriculture. solutions tailored to climate preservation efforts.
Canada also supports the development of a global strategy for food security based on local solutions for each country and addressing emerging challenges, he stressed.
Sajjan also revealed that Canada intends to work with Egypt to contribute $10 million to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) new climate finance initiative in the governorate of Aswan, in Upper Egypt, and in the governorates of Beheira and Kafr El-Sheikh, in the Nile Delta.
On climate change, he said Canada prioritizes working with local and international actors to help developing countries, including Egypt, transition to using low-carbon materials. , to face climate challenges and to manage the environment in a positive way.
He also expressed his country’s delight in Egypt for hosting the upcoming United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP27) in November, while assuring that “Canada agrees that developed countries must assume their responsibilities and contribute to provide assistance to developing countries to cope with the impact of climate change.”
Regarding the long-standing problem caused by the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) between Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia, he said, “We understand the importance of water security for all countries, and we know that many countries depend on the Nile as a source of water.”
“Of course, any country that tries to act, that action affects other countries, and we always support the principle of water availability for all and according to the needs of each country.”
“We find water in some countries and not in others. When I visited Sudan recently, I saw that there were many floods. So each side should consider the other.”
Canada also understands the economic importance of GERD to Ethiopia and therefore encourages regional cooperation between the three countries, with the support of regional organizations such as the African Union.
“It is very important that the countries concerned agree on the main principles of water management across their borders”, declared the Canadian minister.
As for Egypt’s efforts to care for the refugees, Sajjan also praised Egypt for welcoming, supporting and integrating the refugees into Egyptian society instead of putting them in refugee camps, adding, “We are here to know the real needs and how can we support Egypt in the best way.”